联合公园：身临其境的社区催化剂 Union Park: Immersive Play as Community Catalyst 由专筑网孙佳，李韧编译 联合公园位于美国德克萨斯州北部的一个总体规划社区，项目最初构思于2014年，设计师与Hillwood社区共同合作开发，设计过程开发了一系列生活智能策略，解决了诸多生活方式问题，如社区连通性、幸福感和生活管理等等。 联合公园最终规划为2,400套单户住宅，其户外环境也成为生活的主要组成部分，这里是社区各个功能区域之间的连接体，同时也作为休闲场所而使用。项目整体规划方法满足各种娱乐需求，但仍然缺乏儿童游戏场所，即便如此，公园的多层次仍然吸引了众多人群。 Union Park, a master-planned community in north Texas, was first conceived in 2014 through a planning and visioning process conducted in partnership with Hillwood Communities, which has developed a series of Live Smart principles that address key lifestyle considerations like connectedness, well-being and stewardship. Ultimately planned for 2,400 single-family homes, Union Park prioritizes the outdoor setting as an integral lifestyle component — it’s the connective fabric between community destinations as well as the backdrop to restorative recreational opportunities. Its holistic planning approach accommodates a full range of recreational needs, although until recently it lacked an immersive play environment for children — but the addition of its multifaceted Exploration Park has turned that missing element into an alluring destination with wide-ranging appeal.社区的景观促进了人们之间的互动，但在2017年底，儿童游戏场所的问题再次被提及，而Exploration公园满足了这种需求，在社区和建筑环境中完美地融合，并形成了具有层次的休闲环境。它毗邻联合公园的活动草坪、游泳池和户外厨房，将其核心区域向外扩大，为社区的社交和娱乐中心增添了以孩子为中心的场地。 设计团队认为，仅仅只是在某个指定区域放置游乐设施并不能有效地提升公园的空间质量。因为高品质的休闲空间并非通过外部设备来为孩子们带来欢乐，而是应当通过设计的方式融入场地、景观以及材质，从而满足孩子们先天而来的探索意识。 公园有着一系列独特的场地形式，促进空间的互动，通过鸟瞰才能将整座公园空间一览无余。景观元素将自然带入游乐区，而诸如草皮、橡胶等混合材料在整个空间内创造出独特的视觉效果。 诸如滚轮滑梯、登山设施、传统滑梯、隧道等游戏元素可让孩子们以各种方式在空间活动，并且具有触觉设备的无障碍游乐区确保残障人士也能够完全享受公园最新的游乐设施。 The community landscape features extensive parkland for individual recreation as well as community interaction, but in late 2017 children’s play was identified as a missing ingredient to the overall amenity package. Exploration Park fulfills that need, fits harmoniously within the community and architectural context, and provides a play environment with many layers of interest. Its location adjacent to Union Park’s event lawn, pool and outdoor kitchen extends the usability of the core amenity area, adding a kid-focused component to the community’s social and recreational hub. The design team knew that simply adding off-the-shelf play equipment to a designated park area would not fulfill the community’s play desires or align with the standard of quality established elsewhere throughout Union Park. Rather than relying primarily on play equipment to draw families and bring joy to energetic kids, there was a conscious design to prioritize the landscape — particularly through topography and materiality — as the catalyst to exploration and enjoyment. The park’s creative grading affords a series of distinctive land forms that catalyze movement throughout the space; the full play area can’t be viewed all at once unless you’re a bird or a drone. Ribbons of landscape bring an element of nature into the play area, while mixed materials — turf, rubber, mulch — create distinctive areas to explore within the overall space. Play elements like a roller slide, as well as climber and traditional slides, and a custom tunnel allow kids to move up and down through the space in a variety of ways, and an accessible play area with tactile features ensures those with special needs can fully enjoy Union Park’s newest play environment as well.这座公园是联合公园整体设施的一大扩建部分，通过景观设计的方式成功提升了游乐区域的空间效果，而这些空间效果便是那些游乐设施所无法比拟的部分。 The park is a welcomed addition to Union Park’s overall amenity package — and a showcase of how successful play environments are the result of creative landscape architectural interventions extending far beyond playground equipment.